Traditional Knowledge is often considered as the soul of knowledge which has been illuminated, encouraged, and elapsed on from generation to generation within a particular community. It slowly and gradually becomes part of the spiritual or cultural identity. Traditional Knowledge, in other words, can be described as the ancient roots that are unpretentious, oral, and simple, which is not covered and guarded by the stereotypical cultured property defense system. This has encouraged many other developing countries to establish and generate their own significant and specific systems for shielding the traditional knowledge.
India has played a vital role in the acquaintance of Traditional Knowledge and hence bought protection of Traditional Knowledge as the basis of the International Intellectual Property System. The presentation of TKDL – Traditional Knowledge Digital Library ingress by the Indian Government has guided many patent filing in India to either withdrawn, canceled or modified in diverse International Patent Offices.
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library
The Indian Government introduced and launched TKDL and came to power because of India's effort on official cancellation of the patent on turmeric properties regarding wound healing at the USPTO. The European Patent Office – EPO also granted a patent on the neem's antifungal properties.
The Traditional Medicinal Knowledge of India is deeply rooted in many local languages such as Hindi, Arabic, Tamil, Sanskrit, Urdu, etc. is neither attainable nor intelligible for the International Patent Office's Patent Examiners. The expert group of TKDL identified in the year 2005 that around the world approximately 2000 patents were annually granted Indian System of Medicine by the Patent Office across the globe. The contents of the Indian Systems of Medicine's text is provided by the TKDL that IS Siddha, Ayurvedic, Yoga, and Unani in five international languages specifically Japanese, English, German, French, and Spanish with the guidance of innovative classification system and information technology resource.
The usage of intellectual property systems to authorize and permit the control and ownership over biological products and resources that have been in use for more than a decade in non-industrialized society can be called as the `bio-piracy.' Traditional Knowledge is exceedingly vulnerable due to the biopiracy of the encroachment, lack of appropriate legal systems, devolution, clash of systems, and bio protecting rush. Biological resources are linked with traditional knowledge, which is an element of biodiversity. With the help of TK, one can develop best processes, practices, or systems which are helpful for mankind without much investment for research, thus saving time, energy, and money. In the past few years, many cases of biopiracy of TK have been reported. So let’s look at the most well-known cases of TK’s biopiracy.
A tropical herb which is grown in East India is the Turmeric. The powder of Turmeric is used mostly in almost all the medicines, food, and few dyes. For example, turmeric is used to treat cold and acts as the blood purifier and also antiparasitic for infections related to skin. It is also the main ingredients in cooking in Indian Dishes. The University of Mississippi was awarded wound healing property for the turmeric patent in the year 1995. The CSIR objected and provided documentation evidence, but the fact remained from ages that it is a healing property. It was later approved by the USPTO that the patent was anticipated and obvious and supported the turmeric can be used as an ancient art for healing wounds. Hence, TK that was India's property was safeguarded in Turmeric Cases.
W.R.Grace, USA filed the first patent for Neem. It is a method used to control the fungi in contact with the Neem Oil Formation. India filed against the Patent and was filed by the New Delhi Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Ecology in association with International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements. The Neem tree finds its roots in India with many potent compounds like the barks, leaves, flowers, seeds and more to treat diseases relating to skin disorders, antiseptic, leprosy, diabetes, and ulcers. The evidence was submitted describing the usage of Neem for decades of India through the Indian Ayurvedic Texts. The EPO identified and accepted that it was India’s TK.
Hence, the IP approved the importance of correct documentation of India’s TK and very well played a defensive role in the IP system.
When someone is injured at the fault of another, lawsuits might be necessary. Personal injury claims are confusing for many people. If you have recently become injured because of someone else’s negligence, you should read on and learn what it takes to win a personal injury lawsuit.
When you are documenting the events from the accident, you should write down your injuries in detail. All physical issues should be explained, no matter what they are. Include any bruises which come up the next day too. You also need to think about anything that has to do with the mental side of things.
Tracking down the best personal injury or auto accident injury lawyer is a daunting task. Having said that, it is important to search for a personal injury attorney with plenty of experience in your particular situation. A personal injury lawyer will need excellent knowledge in the field of personal injury law, so more experience is always better.
Go to the ABA (American Bar Association) to begin searching for an personal injury and auto accident attorney. Not only can they provide recommendations based on the area you are located in, but you can also check any lawyer’s records to ensure there are no negative complaints or proceedings against them on file.
Sometimes it is in both parties interest to settle for the damages before a case goes to court in a personal injury case. That saves a lot of headaches, and that way, you don’t need to pay court fees.
A lot of attorneys with questionable backgrounds use flashy ads to draw in crowds; you should avoid these lawyers regardless of their tempting ads. Apart from the bad stigma surrounding over the top ads, it’s hard to determine how honest a personal injury lawyer may be based solely on a tv ad. Always have a face to face meeting before hiring a personal injury and auto injury lawyer.
For those doing their own personal injury case, getting the policies of the person who is at fault is critical. You might have to refer to several policies. If you speak with them and they aren’t giving up this information, you may want to get an affidavit so that they’re more likely to give you the information.
Be sure to get the legal wheels rolling right away following an injury. There may be deadlines in which you won’t be able to claim your lawsuit. Contact a personal injury and auto injury lawyer so that they can clarify everything that needs to be done.
Following any injury or accident, get numbers and names of witnesses as soon as possible. Your case might drag on for long periods, and it is important to get witness statements, as soon as possible, following the event itself. This information will come in handy at a later date, so it must be gathered as quickly as possible.
Personal Injury Lawyer
A lot of accident victims are concerned that they can’t afford a personal injury lawyer, and if you fit this bill, then you may be able to hire a good personal injury and auto injury lawyer on a contingency basis. Contingency plans dictate that you do not have to pay your personal injury or auto accident injury lawyer unless the case is decided in your favor. Although they may end up taking more money this way, a contingency personal injury lawyer allows you to save your money in a low-risk format.
Ask for a list of references from any personal injury or auto accident injury lawyer you’re considering. You can then use this information to find out exactly who the personal injury lawyer is when it comes to his professional demeanor and practices. It could be a bad sign if they don’t want to give references. You may want to look elsewhere in that case.
Determine who is responsible for causing your injury. If you got hurt at work, you are probably able to inquire about a settlement, but that changes if you got hurt elsewhere. Ask your personal injury and auto injury lawyer who’s at fault.
Regardless of how much money you win, nothing can take away the injury. It can, on the other hand, give you the dollars you require to pay doctors and hospitals. The information that you have learned from the article above will help you get what you are owed. Find More Information here:
In recent years, private groups, concerned individuals and governments on several levels have been working to curb the disturbing statistics that relate to the number of car accident deaths caused by distracted drivers. Unfortunately, despite these noble efforts, the problem regarding distracted driving and the injuries and fatalities that result remains an enormous safety issue for motorists all over the United States, and many of these problems can be traced to the use of cell phones and devices that send and receive text messages.
In response to this persisting reality, the Department of Transportation and the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration have named April as Distracted Driving Awareness Month across the United States. Our car accident lawyers who speak to people who have been seriously injured or to families who have lost loved ones because of distracted driving hope that this effort leads to a downturn in the statistics regarding this ongoing danger. See more here
Distracted Driving Car Accident Statistics
As part of its effort to publicize Distracted Driving Awareness Month, the DOT and the NHTSA have released statistics that relate to distracted driving. During two calendar years, more than 3,000 people were killed in car accidents nationwide where distracted driving was a cause. Many of these fatalities could be traced to one driver using a cell phone or hand-held device.
In addition to releasing statistics, the DOT and the NHTSA have announced that state, county and local law enforcement departments are going to increase the enforcement of state and local laws that ban the use of cell phones and/or hand-held messaging machines without the use of a hands-free device. Different agencies are planning different days for stepping up this enforcement.
Texas Law on cell phone and texting while driving
There are laws in existence that ban the use of cell phones without a hands-free device, and there are also laws that basically outlaw text messaging while driving, as this cannot be done without taking your eyes off the road. Several counties and municipalities also have bans on these practices.
Car Accident Lawyers and Distracted Driving
Despite the existence of these cell phone and text message laws, there are still drivers who engage in this problematic conduct. When they do, they can not only face problems with regards to these laws but also the potential to be liable in a personal injury lawsuit if this distracted driving causes a crash that leads to injuries or worse. Someone who has been harmed in this manner can recover damages for medical costs, lost income and pain and suffering.
If you or someone you love has been harmed because of distracted driving, you need to seek the help of car accident lawyers who have been fighting for the rights of clients for more than 40 years. Contact us today to schedule a free initial consultation. More information here